Are you an outdoor entertainer looking to spruce up your backyard? Or maybe you just want a beautiful spot to hang out and roast marshmallows with your family? Well then, you’re in luck, because with this 8-step guide, you’ll be able to construct your very own DIY fire pit using only concrete blocks. From the design to the fireproofing materials, this post will show you everything you need to turn your backyard into the perfect place for fireside evenings.
Quick Response to Key Question
To build a concrete block fire pit, you will need a few tools and materials; including blocks, mortar, trowel, masonry brush, grout and sealer. Start by ascertaining the correct measurements of the fire pit before preparation of the surface and laying out of the first course of blocks.
Gather Materials & Tools
Gathering the necessary materials and tools for assembling your DIY fire pit can be an intimidating task. There are several different types of materials you’ll need in order to complete the project, and each has its own particular uses in making your concrete block fire pit sturdy and safe to use. Before you begin, obtain a copy of all safety guidelines and regulations for building fire pits in your municipality.
You will need 100 concrete blocks, which come in a variety of sizes, so make sure to measure the blocks you buy and take into account any irregularities that could create problems later on in the construction process. Additionally, you’ll need gravel or washed stone to serve as drainage material around the inside walls of the fire pit, as well as enough mortar to connect the blocks together securely. And lastly, sand is essential when laying the blocks because it provides another layer of stabilization against movement caused by shifting ground.
Having access to appropriate tools and equipment can also make assembly easier, but not always necessary. For example, some people suggest using a concrete saw or wheelbarrow to move heavy materials to their desired area; however, depending on the size of your fire pit these may not be beneficial and unnecessary expenses. Instead, simply assess the layout of your project beforehand and determine whether these additional tools would benefit the process.
Now that you have all of your needed materials and tools, you’re ready to begin work on your DIY fire pit! In the next section we’ll discuss how to excavate and prepare the area for construction so you get a sturdy foundation on which to build upon.
Excavate & Prepare the Area
The next step in building your DIY concrete fire pit is to excavate and prepare the area. Deciding on the location of your fire pit is an important job, as it will be a permanent structure. The area should be away from low-hanging branches, siding, or any other combustible material that could catch fire easily. It’s best to keep the fire pit at least ten feet away from the house or any other structures.
It’s also important to ensure that you’re not disturbing any underground utilities during the excavation process; this involves calling your local government and utilities companies for information about where underground lines or water connections run.
In most cases, you’ll need to dig about a foot into the ground for your firepit, making sure that the bottom is at least 12 inches below the local frost line. Choose a level area that has no standing water, as this can affect how well your finished firepit holds up over time. Allow 18 inches of space around the perimeter of your firepit when excavating the area, creating an outer lip around your pit wall. Once you’ve cleared out all the sod and gravel, shape the sides of your hole with a shovel so that they will form symmetrical walls once filled with concrete block.
With careful planning and preparation, you are now ready to begin building your DIY concrete block fire pit wall!
- Concrete blocks and mortar are the most popular materials used to construct permanent fire pits.
- The typical size of a concrete block fire pit is 36 inches in diameter and 12 inches in height.
- According to popular instructions for constructing concrete block fire pits, the construction requires approximately 50 blocks, 2 bags of mortar mix, 1 bag of masonry sand, and other building supplies.
Build the Concrete Block Fire Pit Wall
Now it’s time to build the concrete fire pit wall. Start by laying out your circle with stakes and strings, as determined in Step 4. You will now be placing the first layer of blocks around the inside of the string line. Experiment with different shapes and sizes to determine what works best for you. If you are going to add an additional level to the fire pit, calculate the size of each block so that the total height will reach your desired finish level.
When laying out the blocks, use a mallet and make sure each block sits flush against its neighbor. Avoid using mortar until you have completed the inner circle, just lay down a bed of sand between each layer. Try to stagger any seams, as this provides greater integrity to the finished pit. Make sure that all blocks are lined up perpendicularly with the ground to allow water drainage and retain structural stability over time.
It is recommended that no more than two layers of concrete blocks be used; however, if you wish to construct a larger, deeper fire pit it is possible to lay blocks in more layers – keeping in mind that all layers must sit securely on top of one another and have adequate support from below. Generally speaking, any fire pit three feet wide or less should not require reinforced walls and can get by with just sand and stone resting beneath it, whereas pits wider than three feet should have steel reinforcing bars installed above ground (which will increase the construction cost).
Once complete, the wall of your fire pit should stand at least one block high but no more than ten blocks high depending on your preference and style. With this job finished, you are now ready to move onto preparing and installing firewood which will be discussed in the following section.
Prepare and Install Firewood
When you are ready to install the firewood, you will want to start by finding a suitable spot for assembly. Once you have that in mind, you will need to prepare the firewood for installation. You can use logs, chunks of wood, or pieces of scrap lumber for this purpose. The size and amount of firewood that you use will depend on your particular fire pit and the desired size of the fire.
One thing to consider is that larger pieces of wood may take some time to heat up and ignite, so it might be a good idea to break them into smaller chunks before installing them into the pit. This will allow the wood to burn at a more even rate and generate more consistent warmth rather than starting with large logs which may not catch on easily. On the other hand, if there is enough airflow present, then larger logs could burn faster when placed together. So depending on your intentions and preferences, it’s important to consider these factors when choosing and preparing your firewood.
Once the logs are gathered or cut up into manageable sizes, it’s time to install them into the pit. Start by laying down some kindling or lightweight materials such as newspaper on the bottom of the pit. This will help create an easy ignition point while ensuring that the wood is securely in place once it starts burning. Then, stack the logs or pieces of wood slightly inward towards the center of the pit in an alternating pattern of wider and shorter pieces. This ensures that air can flow evenly around each section and help promote better burning conditions with minimal smoke production.
When all of your firewood is installed properly within the concrete block walls, it’s time to move onto our next section – safety tips!
Safety is paramount when constructing a DIY fire pit. Before beginning the project, be sure to assess the area and determine if the completed fire pit will be located in a safe area where it will not spark a fire due to contact with debris or other flammable objects. Additionally, plan accordingly in terms of clearance when setting up the fire pit. Clear all debris, including sticks and leaves, within two meters of the area—this also applies if you’re planning on igniting charcoal in your constructed fire pit. It is recommended that any combustible materials such as trees and wooden fencing should be at least five meters away from the intended location of the fire pit.
When placing the concrete blocks for your final product, refer to instructions regarding safety: do not tightly stack them as this increases pressure on individual blocks and can cause harm by collapsing; create a light pattern for better stability; and pay attention to lumps or pieces of mortar that could collapse upon heat exposure. Ensure that all components used during assembly are non-combustible and heat-resistant as otherwise molten material may cause irreparable damage to objects close by. Make sure any materials used are properly designed to withstand high temperatures even at long periods of time. Most importantly, always keep an eye on the fire while it is burning and have an extinguishing substance such as sand or water handy in case of an emergency.
Finally, never leave an active flames unattended and never use gasoline or other flammable accelerants to start a campfire or shed additional light on your nighttime festivities. Doing so will put everyone’s safety at risk. With these safety tips in mind, you can move onto the exciting task of completing your final touches and design ideas as we discuss in our next section!
Final Touches & Design Ideas
Once the fire pit has been built and is ready for use, there are a few finishing touches that can be added to make it more aesthetically pleasing. One of the simplest ways to add beauty to a concrete block fire pit is by adding a stone seating area around it. Stones come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, so they can easily be used to create a unique appearance that matches the look of any backyard. Additionally, if you want to give your fire pit an extra decorative touch, consider adding some colorful potted plants or flowers around the perimeter of the pit.
Using paint to give your fire pit an artistic flair is another popular way to customize its appearance. You can always incorporate different hues when selecting paint colors in order to give the pit an interesting visual appeal. For example, you could opt for two-toned paint with contrasting tones that will catch the light in various ways when lit from within. Furthermore, if you’re feeling creative and want to take on a bigger project, you may also consider creating a mural painted on the inside walls of your fire pit.
Lastly, no matter what kind of design ideas you pursue for your fire pit, safety remains paramount. It’s important to remember that certain materials (such as highly flammable liquids) should never be included in or near a DIY fire pit as these could present an extreme danger if ignited. Similarly, it’s always good practice to keep flammable items such as wood piles far away from your fire pit while in use just in case sparks go flying outwards unexpectedly. Ultimately by taking steps like these to ensure everyone’s safety as well as implementing creative customization ideas such as those mentioned above, you can create a stunning concrete block fire pit perfect for anyone’s backyard!
You can make a concrete block fire pit look more aesthetically pleasing by adding a stone seating area, colorful potted plants or flowers, and/or an artistic flair with paint. However, safety should always be kept in mind when building a DIY fire pit and any flammable items should be kept away. Taking these steps and applying creative customization ideas can help you create a stunning concrete block fire pit perfect for anybody’s backyard.
Answers to Commonly Asked Questions
Are there any special tools or techniques that I need to consider when building a concrete block fire pit?
Yes, there are special tools and techniques to consider when building a concrete block fire pit. Firstly, you should use a tape measure and masonry square to ensure that the blocks are placed correctly and uniformly. Secondly, it is important to use a marker on the block edges in order to ensure that all blocks are aligned with each other properly. Additionally, it would be beneficial to wear safety goggles and thick protective gloves when handling the heavy blocks to help minimize any potential injuries. Finally, when connecting the blocks together, an adhesive such as mortar or construction adhesive should be used as this will ensure a stronger structural integrity of the fire pit.
What materials do I need to build a concrete block fire pit?
To build a concrete block fire pit, you will need the following materials:
1. Concrete blocks – these should be of uniform size and shape for a neat finish. Make sure there are enough blocks to form two rows that encircle the entire fire pit.
2. Sand – Use sharp sand or silica sand for best results when mixing with cement to create mortar.
3. Cement – Choose a quality cement mix to ensure proper adhesion of your blocks.
4. Water – Measure the correct ratio of water to cement for best results.
5. Trowel – A trowel is essential to spread the cement-water mortar over the blocks, ensuring they fit together securely.
6. Shovel – You’ll need a shovel to clear out any debris or grass from the fire pit area before you start building it and then to spread gravel beneath it after it is completed.
7. Gravel – Gravel should be spread below the fire pit’s foundation before paving it with blocks, in order to prevent uneven settling of the ground beneath it upon completion.
8. Leveler – Ensure your concrete block fire pit is level with a quality leveler throughout its construction process, so that all its pieces stay aligned properly upon completion . This is crucial as any misalignment may cause smoke to escape from the gaps instead of going up through the chimney hole atop your structure.
Are there any safety precautions I should take when building a concrete block fire pit?
When building a concrete block fire pit, there are several safety precautions that should be taken. First, make sure to wear appropriate clothing and protective gear, such as goggles and heavy gloves. Second, always use caution when handling materials that could potentially be flame-producing. Third, ensure that the area where you will build the fire pit is clear of any flammable materials or debris. Fourth, take the time to plan and measure out your design before beginning construction. Fifth, never leave your fire pit unattended or burning for long periods of time. Lastly, check local laws and regulations before beginning construction so you are aware of any restrictions that may exist concerning open burning. By taking these simple safety precautions, you can ensure that your DIY concrete block fire pit is built safely and enjoyed responsibly.